What are varicose veins?
Varicose veins are the bulged and ropey-looking raised veins that appear on the legs. They are caused by high blood pressure in the superficial veins in the leg causing the veins to weaken and bulge. This condition is referred to as venous insufficiency or reflux. Varicose veins in the legs affect the quality of life by causing pain, numbness, tingling, burning, aching, fatigue, heaviness, swelling and sleep related issues. They also may be a cause of unexplained pelvic pain in females and not just affecting the legs as was once contemplated. Varicose vein disease is caused by poor functioning or damaged valves in veins that can ultimately lead to ulcers and blood clots which can spread to the lungs and be lethal.